Whether you teach your child to swim yourself or with another person, start with more basic movements and move your way up to more complicated strokes. A breaststroke is a common first stroke for beginners because it involves movements that keep the child above water. The next stroke that you may teach is the backstroke, in which the child lies on his or her back, moving his or her arms alternately in a windmill-like fashion while kicking in a flutter fashion. The doggy paddle is also a popular basic swimming technique because it easily allows a child to come to the surface and stay afloat easily.
Some parents prefer to have their children develop stronger kicking skills to assist with the process and may employ the use of a kickboard to help their children practice kicking while getting comfortable in the water.